Following a roughly 50% spike in cooking gas costs since January last year, Kenyans are starting fully embraces clean cooking options that enables them to turn animal wastes into clean cooking gas and produce organic fertilizer for thier crops.
The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) recently released data showing that kerosene consumption increased to a five-month high of 10,070 tonnes in November, up from 8,730 tonnes in July.
Charcoal prices have also risen, from Sh58.7 for a 4-kilogram tin to Sh60.7 for the same quantity, showing that demand for the carbon-based fuel has surged.
Wood stoves are still used by over 70% of Kenyan households as their primary or secondary cookstoves, with a prevalence of 92 percent in rural regions.
This equates to 64.7 percent of Kenyan households (equal to 8.1 million) utilizing wood as their major cooking fuel.
The CEO of the Clean Cooking Association of Kenya, David Njugi, said they want to conduct a research in February to see if LPG sales have decreased since the 16 percent Value Added Tax (VAT) was implemented, in order to quantify the move to dirty fuel.
“We’re having a difficult time shifting to LPG; some who have been using LPG are supplementing it with charcoal and other biomass, which we refer to as dirty fuel,” he added. “Some have entirely ceased using LPG, particularly in rural areas and poorer homes.”
Cooking gas costs have risen 48 percent to an eight-year high of Sh2,978 for a 13-kg cylinder, thanks to the imposition of additional charges by an exclusive club of suppliers and distributors.
A spot check revealed that Total’s 13-kg gas costs Sh2,995, Rubis’ K-gas costs Sh2,950, and Shell/Afrigas Vivo’s costs Sh2,990.
Unlike fuel, diesel, and kerosene, cooking gas prices are not regulated, despite the government’s assertion that price limits on LPG would discourage investors from entering the business.
For more than a decade, the government has promised to take responsibility once the processing and storage facility in Mombasa is completed.
Our Work in Kenya
Keilot is an integration platform for Israeli technologies focused on developing countries.
Our hub is in Kenya – Nairobi and we have various show rooms around the country with the strategy to develop into East Africa.
Our solutions focus include : Clean cooking, Water purification, PV solutions and Agricultural solutions.
Benefits of Home Biogas System
Worldwide interest in renewable energy sources is gathering momentum. Biogas production is growing steadily, as more people are setting up biogas plants to produce biogas. To get a better picture of what biogas is good for, we have created this list explaining the advantages and disadvantages of biogas.
Biogas is a renewable, as well as a clean, source of energy. Gas generated through biodigestion is Biogas is a renewable, as well as a clean, source of energy. Gas generated through biodigestion is non-polluting; it actually reduces greenhouse emissions (i.e. reduces the greenhouse effect). No combustion takes place in the process, meaning there is zero emission of greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere; therefore, using gas from waste as a form of energy is a great way to combat global warming.
Unsurprisingly, concern for the environment is a major reason why the use of biogas has become more widespread. Biogas plants significantly curb the greenhouse effect: the plants lower methane emissions by capturing this harmful gas and using it as fuel. Biogas generation helps cut reliance on the use of fossil fuels, such as oil and coal.
1. Biogas is Eco-Friendly
Another biogas advantage is that unlike other types of renewable energies, the process to create the gas is natural, not requiring energy for the generation process. In addition, the raw materials used in the production of biogas are renewable, as trees and crops will continue to grow. Manure, food scraps, and crop residue are raw materials that will always be available, which makes it a highly sustainable option.
2. Biogas Generation Reduces Soil and Water Pollution
Overflowing landfills don’t only spread foul smells- they also allow toxic liquids to drain into underground water sources.
Subsequently, another advantage of biogas is that biogas generation may improve water quality. Moreover, anaerobic digestion deactivates pathogens and parasites; thus, it’s also quite effective in reducing the incidence of waterborne diseases. Similarly, waste collection and management significantly improve in areas with biogas plants. This in turn, leads to improvements in the environment, sanitation, and hygiene.
3. Biogas Generation Produces Organic Fertilizer
The by-product of the biogas generation process is enriched organic digestate, which is a perfect supplement to, or substitute for, chemical fertilizers. The fertilizer discharge from the digester can accelerate plant growth and resilience to diseases, whereas commercial fertilizers contain chemicals that have toxic effects and can cause food poisoning, among other things.
4. It’s A Simple and Low-Cost Technology That Encourages A Circular Economy
The technology used to produce biogas is quite cheap. It is easy to set up and needs little investment when used on a small scale. Small biodigesters can be used right at home, utilizing kitchen waste and animal manure. A household system pays for itself after a while and the materials used for generation are absolutely free. The gas produced can be used directly for cooking and generation of electricity. This is what allows the cost of biogas production to be relatively low.
Farms can make use of biogas plants and waste products produced by their livestock every day. The waste products of one cow can provide enough energy to power a lightbulb for an entire day.
In large plants, biogas can also be compressed to achieve the quality of natural gas and utilized to power automobiles. Building such plants requires relatively low capital investment and creates green jobs. For instance, in India, 10 million jobs were created, mostly in rural areas, in plants and in organic waste collection
5. Healthy Cooking Alternative For Developing Areas
Biogas generators save women and children from the daunting task of firewood collection. As a result, more time is left for cooking and cleaning. More importantly, cooking on a gas stove, instead of over an open fire, prevents the family from being exposed to smoke in the kitchen. This helps prevent deadly respiratory diseases. Sadly, 4.3 million people a year die prematurely from illnesses attributed to the household air pollution caused by the inefficient use of solid fuels for cooking.